Diabetes mellitus is a disease that prevents your pancreas — a 6”-long organ situated behind your stomach — from producing the chemical insulin or may cause cell receptors to lose sensitivity to insulin.
In a healthy body, your digestive system breaks down food into a pure sugar called glucose, which powers your cells. Glucose requires insulin to pass into the cells and fuel them.
Without insulin, glucose is shut out from the cells and remains circulating in your bloodstream — a condition known as hyperglycemia (high blood sugar), or diabetes.
The types of diabetes include:
Your immune system attacks the pancreatic islet cells that produce insulin. Treatment is daily insulin injections for life.
When your pancreas can’t produce and release insulin because of excess weight and lack of activity, you may become insulin-resistant. Treatments are insulin injections, glucose-lowering drugs, and lifestyle modifications. Type 2 is the most common type, affecting 9 out of 10 people with diabetes.
Hormonal changes during pregnancy subdue the production of insulin, leading to high blood-glucose levels.
The following increase your risk of developing diabetes:
Here are some common symptoms of diabetes:
Dr. Kermani diagnoses or rules out diabetes with a simple blood test that measures your levels of circulating glucose. Managing diabetes may involve insulin injections or medications to lower your blood sugar, and diet and lifestyle modifications.
The consequences of untreated diabetes can include:
When you notice the signs or symptoms of diabetes, contact Dr. Kermani right away for a consultation and blood test. He and his caring staff can be reached by phone or with an online booking form.
We accept the majority of health insurance plans. Please call our office if you do not see yours listed or have any other questions.
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